A CHRONOLOGY OF THE COMMON ERA
at thinkworks.com
Compiled from sources on the internet and edited by Dimitris Sivyllis

This site is dedicated to our children. These 2000 years would not have been possible without them.

  The mission of this website is to provide a comprehensive and accurate way to research and cross-reference information about the events, people and epochs which have shaped the Common Era.

History is presented in a linear, timeline, format to emphasize the causality and interdependability of historical events and figures.

The information in this website is shown in columns. You can select a variety of combination of columns to view depending on your research needs or screen size.

Please wait for each page to load, then scroll down to find a Year, and scroll left and right to see all columns of info.

To find a specific event or person use the "Find" function of your browser: type in a particular year, event, or name.

All possible care has been taken to ensure accuracy and objectivity
This Chronology is continuously updated and improved.
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In the works:
A Chronology page for Before Common Era
A Reference for Historical events and figures in the Movies
A Reference for Historical events and figures depicted in Art

Please wait for the page to load (more than 1.5 MBs) and select a combination of info columns to view from the links below.
1. MILESTONES & EVENTS | ROME: POPES & EMPERORS | CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS | BRITAIN | FRANCE | WORLD
2. MILESTONES & EVENTS | ROME: POPES & EMPERORS | CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS
3. ROME: POPES & EMPERORS
4. CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS
5. BRITAIN | FRANCE | WORLD
6. BRITAIN
7. FRANCE
8. MILESTONES & EVENTS

See a graphic TIMELINE OF THE COMMON ERA
Read Carl Sagan's Baloney Detection Kit!

INFORMATION IN THIS SITE UPDATED: 01:19 EST (6:19 GMT) 1/26/04

   

JUMP TO MIDDLE (12th Century) | BOTTOM (late 20th century)

YEAR C.E.
RULERS and
PRESIDENTS
of FRANCE

 

 814

Later Carolingian Transition
Louis I
(not a king of 'France')
 814

 840

Charles II
(the Bald)
 840

 877

Louis II
(the Stammerer)
 877

 879

Louis III
Carloman
(joint with Louis III above, until 882)
 879

 884

Charles the Fat  884

 888

Eudes
(also Odo)
of Paris
(non-Carolingian)
 888

 898

Charles III
(the Simple)
 898

 922

Robert I
(non-Carolingian)
 922

 923

Raoul
(also Rudolf, non-Carolingian)
 923

 936

Louis IV
(d'Outremer or The Foreigner)
 936

 954

Lothar
(also Lothaire)
 954

 986

Louis V
(the Do-Nothing)
 986

 987

Capetian Dynasty
Hugh Capet
 987

 996

Robert II
(the Pious)
 996

 1031

Henry I  1031

 1060

Philip I  1060

 1108

Louis VI
(the Fat)
 1108

 1137

Louis VII
(the Young)
 1137

 1180

Philip II Augustus  1180

 1223

Louis VIII
(the Lion)
 1223

 1226

 Louis IX
(St. Louis)
 1226

 1270

Philip III
(the Bold)
 1270

 1285

Philip IV
(the Fair)
 1285

 1314

Louis X
(the Stubborn)
 1314

 1316

John I
Philip V
(the Tall)
 1316

 1322

Charles IV
(the Fair)
 1322

 1328

Valois Dynasty
Philip VI
 1328

 1350

John II
(the Good)
 1350

 1364

Charles V
(the Wise)
 1364

 1380

Charles VI
(the Mad, Well-Beloved, or Foolish)
 1380

 1422

Charles VII
(the Well-Served or Victorious)
 1422

 1461

Louis XI
(the Spider)
 1461

 1483

Charles VIII
(Father of his People)
 1483

 1498

Louis XII  1498

 1515

Francis I  1515

 1547

Henry II  1547

 1559

Francis II  1559

 1560

Charles IX  1560

 1574

Henry III  1574

 1589

Bourbon Dynasty
Henry IV
 1589

 1610

Louis XIII  1610

 1643

Louis XIV
(the Sun King)
 1643

 1715

Louis XV  1715

 1774

Louis XVI  1774

 1792

First Republic
National Convention
 1792

 1795

Directory (Directors)
Paul François Jean Nicolas de Barras
Jean-François Reubell
Louis Marie La Revellíere-Lépeaux
Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot
Etienne Le Tourneur
François Marquis de Barthélemy
Philippe Antoine Merlin de Douai
François de Neufchâteau
Jean Baptiste Comte de Treilhard
Emmanuel Joseph Comte de Sieyés
Roger Comte de Ducos
Jean François Auguste Moulins
Louis Gohier
 1795

 1799

Consulate
1st Consul:
1799 - 1804
Napoleon Bonaparte
2nd Consul:
1799 Emmanuel Joseph Comte de Sieyés,
1799 - 1804 Jean-Jacques Régis Cambacérès
3rd Consul:
1799 - 1799 Pierre-Roger Ducos
1799 - 1804 Charles François Lebrun
 1799

 1804

First Empire
(emperors)
Napoleon I
 1804

 1814

Louis XVIII
(king)
Bourbons
(restored)
Louis XVIII
 1814

 1815

Napoleon I
(2nd time)
 1815

 1824

Charles X  1824

 1830

Orleans
Louis Philippe
 1830

 1848

Second Republic
(presidents)
Louis Eugéne Cavaignac
Louis Napoleon
(later Napoleon III)
 1848

 1852

Second Empire
(emperors)
(Louis) Napoleon III
 1852

 1870

Third Republic (presidents)
Louis Jules Trochu (provisional)
 1870

 1871

Adolphe Thiers  1871

 1873

Patrice de MacMahon  1873

 1879

Jules Grévy  1879

 1887

Sadi Carnot  1887

 1894

Jean Casimir-Périer  1894

 1895

Félix Faure  1895

 1899

Emile Loubet  1899

 1906

Armand Fallières  1906

 1913

Raymond Poincaré  1913

 1920

Paul Deschanel
Alexandre Millerand
 1920

 1924

Gaston Doumergue  1924

 1931

Paul Doumer  1931

 1932

Albert Lebrun  1932

 1940

Vichy Government
(Chief of State)
Henri Philippe Petain
 1940

 1944

Provisional Government
(presidents)
Charles de Gaulle
 1944

 1946

Félix Gouin
Georges Bidault
Leon Blum
 1946

 1947

Fourth Republic
(presidents)
Vincent Auriol
 1947

 1954

René Coty  1954

 1959

Fifth Republic
(presidents)
Charles de Gaulle
 1959

 1969

Georges Pompidou  1969

 1974

Valery Giscard d'Estaing  1974

 1981

Francois Mitterand  1981

 1995

Jacques Chirac  1995

 

   


 

JUMP TO TOP | MIDDLE (12th Century)

 

 

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1. MILESTONES & EVENTS | ROME: POPES & EMPERORS | CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS | BRITAIN | FRANCE | WORLD
2. MILESTONES & EVENTS | ROME: POPES & EMPERORS | CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS
3. ROME: POPES & EMPERORS
4. CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS
5. BRITAIN | FRANCE | WORLD
6. BRITAIN
7. FRANCE
8. MILESTONES & EVENTS

 

© 2002 THINKWORKS.COM
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Carl Sagan's Baloney Detection Kit

Wherever possible there must be independent confirmation of the facts.

Encourage substantive debate on the evidence by knowledgeable proponents of all points of view.

Arguments from authority carry little weight (in science there are no "authorities").

Spin more than one hypothesis - don't simply run with the first idea that caught your fancy.

Try not to get overly attached to a hypothesis just because it's yours.

Quantify, wherever possible.

If there is a chain of argument every link in the chain must work.

Occam's razor - if there are two hypothesis that explain the data equally well choose the simpler.

Ask whether the hypothesis can, at least in principle, be falsified (shown to be false by some unambiguous test). In other words, it is testable? Can others duplicate the experiment and get the same result?

Additional issues are:

Conduct control experiments - especially "double blind" experiments where the person taking measurements is not aware of the test and control subjects.

Check for confounding factors - separate the variables.

Common fallacies of logic and rhetoric

Ad hominem - attacking the arguer and not the argument.

Argument from "authority".

Argument from adverse consequences (putting pressure on the decision maker by pointing out dire consequences of an "unfavorable" decision).

Appeal to ignorance (absence of evidence is not evidence of absence).

Special pleading (typically referring to god's will).

Begging the question (assuming an answer in the way the question is phrased).

Observational selection (counting the hits and forgetting the misses).

Statistics of small numbers (such as drawing conclusions from inadequate sample sizes).

Misunderstanding the nature of statistics (President Eisenhower expressing astonishment and alarm on discovering that fully half of all Americans have below average intelligence!)

Inconsistency (e.g. military expenditures based on worst case scenarios but scientific projections on environmental dangers thriftily ignored because they are not "proved").

Non sequitur - "it does not follow" - the logic falls down.

Post hoc, ergo propter hoc - "it happened after so it was caused by" - confusion of cause and effect.

Meaningless question ("what happens when an irresistible force meets an immovable object?).

Excluded middle - considering only the two extremes in a range of possibilities (making the "other side" look worse than it really is).

Short-term v. long-term - a subset of excluded middle ("why pursue fundamental science when we have so huge a budget deficit?").

Slippery slope - a subset of excluded middle - unwarranted extrapolation of the effects (give an inch and they will take a mile).

Confusion of correlation and causation.

Caricaturing (or stereotyping) a position to make it easier to attack.

Suppressed evidence or half-truths.

Weasel words - for example, use of euphemisms for war such as "police action" to get around limitations on Presidential powers. "An important art of politicians is to find new names for institutions which under old names have become odious to the public"

(excerpted from The Planetary Society Australian Volunteer Coordinators Prepared by Michael Paine )

JUMP TO TOP | MIDDLE (12th Century) | BOTTOM (late 20th century)

 

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1. MILESTONES & EVENTS | ROME: POPES & EMPERORS | CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS | BRITAIN | FRANCE | WORLD
2. MILESTONES & EVENTS | ROME: POPES & EMPERORS | CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS
3. ROME: POPES & EMPERORS
4. CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS
5. BRITAIN | FRANCE | WORLD
6. BRITAIN
7. FRANCE
8. MILESTONES & EVENTS