A CHRONOLOGY OF THE COMMON ERA
at thinkworks.com
Compiled from sources on the internet and edited by Dimitris Sivyllis

This site is dedicated to our children. These 2000 years would not have been possible without them.

  The mission of this website is to provide a comprehensive and accurate way to research and cross-reference information about the events, people and epochs which have shaped the Common Era.

History is presented in a linear, timeline, format to emphasize the causality and interdependability of historical events and figures.

The information in this website is shown in columns. You can select a variety of combination of columns to view depending on your research needs or screen size.

Please wait for each page to load, then scroll down to find a Year, and scroll left and right to see all columns of info.

To find a specific event or person use the "Find" function of your browser: type in a particular year, event, or name.

All possible care has been taken to ensure accuracy and objectivity
This Chronology is continuously updated and improved.
Maintained in a Filemaker Pro (R) database, created by M-C/Works Inc for thinkworks.com.
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In the works:
A Chronology page for Before Common Era
A Reference for Historical events and figures in the Movies
A Reference for Historical events and figures depicted in Art

Please wait for the page to load (more than 1.5 MBs) and select a combination of info columns to view from the links below.
1. MILESTONES & EVENTS | ROME: POPES & EMPERORS | CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS | BRITAIN | FRANCE | WORLD
2. MILESTONES & EVENTS | ROME: POPES & EMPERORS | CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS
3. ROME: POPES & EMPERORS
4. CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS
5. BRITAIN | FRANCE | WORLD
6. BRITAIN
7. FRANCE
8. MILESTONES & EVENTS

See a graphic TIMELINE OF THE COMMON ERA
Read Carl Sagan's Baloney Detection Kit!

INFORMATION IN THIS SITE UPDATED: 01:19 EST (6:19 GMT) 1/26/04

   

JUMP TO MIDDLE (12th Century) | BOTTOM (late 20th century)

YEAR C.E.
MONARCHY,
PRIME MINISTERS
in BRITAIN

 

 802

House of Wessex
Egbert
 802

 839

Aethelwulf  839

 855

Aethelbald  855

 860

Aethelbert  860

 866

Aethelred  866

 871

Alfred the Great  871

 899

Edward the Elder  899

 925

Athelstan  925

 940

Edmund the Magnificent  940

 946

Eadred  946

 955

Eadwig (Edwy) All-Fair  955

 959

Edgar the Peaceable  959

 975

Edward the Martyr  975

 978

Aethelred the Unready  978

 1014

Danish Line
Svein Forkbeard
 1014

 1016

Edmund Ironside  1016

 1035

Harald Harefoot  1035

 1040

Hardicanute  1040

 1042

Edward the Confessor  1042

 1066

Norman Line
William I the Conqueror
 1066

 1087

William II Rufus  1087

 1100

Henry I Beauclerc  1100

 1135

Stephen  1135

 1141

Empress Matilda  1141

 1154

Henry II Curtmantle  1154

 1189

Richard I
The Lionheart
 1189

 1199

John Lackland  1199

 1216

Henry III  1216

 1272

Edward I Longshanks  1272

 1307

Edward II  1307

 1327

Edward III  1327

 1377

Richard II  1377

 1399

Plantagenet, Lancastrian Line
Henry IV Bolingbroke
 1399

 1413

Henry V  1413

 1422

Henry VI  1422

 1461

Plantagenet, Yorkist Line
Edward IV
 1461

 1471

Again,
Edward IV
 1471

 1483

Edward V  1483

 1485

House of Tudor
Henry VII Tudor
 1485

 1509

Henry VIII  1509

 1547

Edward VI  1547

 1553

Lady Jane Grey  1553

 1558

Elizabeth I  1558

 1603

House of Stuart
James I
 1603

 1625

Charles I  1625

 1649

The Commonwealth
Oliver Cromwell
 1649

 1658

Richard Cromwell  1658

 1660

House of Stuart, Restored
Charles II
 1660

 1685

James II  1685

 1689

House of Orange and Stuart
William III, Mary II
 1689

 1702

House of Stuart
Anne
 1702

 1714

House of Brunswick, Hanover Line
George I
 1714

 1721

Sir Robert Walpole
Prime Minister,
Whig
 1721

 1727

George II  1727

 1742

Earl of Wilmington
Prime Minister,
Whig
 1742

 1743

Henry Pelham
Prime Minister,
Whig
 1743

 1754

Duke of Newcastle
Prime Minister,
Whig
 1754

 1756

Duke of Devonshire
Prime Minister,
Whig
 1756

 1757

Duke of Newcastle
Prime Minister,
Whig
 1757

 1760

George III  1760

 1762

Earl of Bute
Prime Minister,
ory
 1762

 1763

George Grenville
Prime Minister,
Whig
 1763

 1765

Marquess of Rockingham
Prime Minister,
Whig
 1765

 1767

Duke of Grafton
Prime Minister,
Whig
 1767

 1770

Lord North
Prime Minister,
Tory
 1770

 1782

Marquess of Rockingham
Prime Minister,
Whig
 1782

 1783

Duke of Portland
Prime Minister,
coalition
 1783

 1801

Henry Addington
Prime Minister,
Tory
 1801

 1804

William Pitt the Younger
Prime Minister,
Tory
 1804

 1806

Lord Grenville
Prime Minister,
coalition
 1806

 1807

Duke of Portland
Prime Minister,
Tory
 1807

 1809

Spencer Perceval
Prime Minister,
Tory
 1809

 1812

Earl of Liverpool
Prime Minister,
Tory
 1812

 1820

George IV  1820

 1827

George Canning
Prime Minister,
coalition
 1827

 1828

Duke of Wellington
Prime Minister,
Tory
 1828

 1830

Earl Grey
Prime Minister,
Tory
 1830

 1834

Viscount Melbourne
Prime Minister,
Whig
 1834

 1835

Viscount Melbourne
Prime Minister,
Whig
 1835

 1837

Victoria  1837

 1841

Sir Robert Peel
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1841

 1846

Lord Russell
Prime Minister,
Liberal
 1846

 1852

Earl of Derby
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1852

 1855

Viscount Palmerston
Prime Minister,
Liberal
 1855

 1858

Earl of Derby
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1858

 1859

Viscount Palmerston
Prime Minister,
Liberal
 1859

 1865

Lord Russell
Prime Minister,
Liberal
 1865

 1866

Earl of Derby
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1866

 1868

Benjamin Disraeli
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1868

 1874

Benjamin Disraeli
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1874

 1880

W E Gladstone
Prime Minister,
Liberal
 1880

 1885

Marquess of Salisbury
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1885

 1886

W E Gladstone
Prime Minister,
Liberal
 1886

 1892

W E Gladstone
Prime Minister,
Liberal
 1892

 1894

Earl of Rosebery
Prime Minister,
Liberal
 1894

 1895

Marquess of Salisbury
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1895

 1901

House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Edward VII
 1901

 1902

Arthur James Balfour
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1902

 1905

Sir H Campbell-Bannerman
Prime Minister,
Liberal
 1905

 1908

H H Asquith
Prime Minister,
Liberal
 1908

 1910

House of Windsor
George V
 1910

 1915

H H Asquith
Prime Minister,
coalition
 1915

 1916

David Lloyd George
Prime Minister,
coalition
 1916

 1922

Andrew Bonar Law
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1922

 1923

Stanley Baldwin
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1923

 1924

Ramsay MacDonald
Prime Minister,
Labour
 1924

 1929

Ramsey MacDonald
Prime Minister,
Labour
 1929

 1931

Ramsey MacDonald
Prime Minister,
national coalition
 1931

 1935

Stanley Baldwin
Prime Minister,
national coalition
 1935

 1936

Edward VIII  1936

 1937

Neville Chamberlain
Prime Minister,
national coalition
 1937

 1940

Sir Winston Churchill
Prime Minister,
coalition
 1940

 1945

Clement Attlee
Prime Minister,
Labour
 1945

 1951

Sir Winston Churchill
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1951

 1952

Elizabeth II  1952

 1955

Sir Anthony Eden
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1955

 1957

Harold Macmillan
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1957

 1963

Sir Alec Douglas-Home
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1963

 1964

Harold Wilson
Prime Minister,
Labour
 1964

 1970

Edward Heath
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1970

 1974

Harold Wilson
Prime Minister,
Labour
 1974

 1976

James Callaghan
Prime Minister,
Labour
 1976

 1979

Margaret Thatcher
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1979

 1990

John Major
Prime Minister,
Conservative
 1990

 1997

Tony Blair
Prime Minister,
Labour
 1997

 

   


 

JUMP TO TOP | MIDDLE (12th Century)

 

 

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1. MILESTONES & EVENTS | ROME: POPES & EMPERORS | CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS | BRITAIN | FRANCE | WORLD
2. MILESTONES & EVENTS | ROME: POPES & EMPERORS | CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS
3. ROME: POPES & EMPERORS
4. CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS
5. BRITAIN | FRANCE | WORLD
6. BRITAIN
7. FRANCE
8. MILESTONES & EVENTS

 

© 2002 THINKWORKS.COM
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Carl Sagan's Baloney Detection Kit

Wherever possible there must be independent confirmation of the facts.

Encourage substantive debate on the evidence by knowledgeable proponents of all points of view.

Arguments from authority carry little weight (in science there are no "authorities").

Spin more than one hypothesis - don't simply run with the first idea that caught your fancy.

Try not to get overly attached to a hypothesis just because it's yours.

Quantify, wherever possible.

If there is a chain of argument every link in the chain must work.

Occam's razor - if there are two hypothesis that explain the data equally well choose the simpler.

Ask whether the hypothesis can, at least in principle, be falsified (shown to be false by some unambiguous test). In other words, it is testable? Can others duplicate the experiment and get the same result?

Additional issues are:

Conduct control experiments - especially "double blind" experiments where the person taking measurements is not aware of the test and control subjects.

Check for confounding factors - separate the variables.

Common fallacies of logic and rhetoric

Ad hominem - attacking the arguer and not the argument.

Argument from "authority".

Argument from adverse consequences (putting pressure on the decision maker by pointing out dire consequences of an "unfavorable" decision).

Appeal to ignorance (absence of evidence is not evidence of absence).

Special pleading (typically referring to god's will).

Begging the question (assuming an answer in the way the question is phrased).

Observational selection (counting the hits and forgetting the misses).

Statistics of small numbers (such as drawing conclusions from inadequate sample sizes).

Misunderstanding the nature of statistics (President Eisenhower expressing astonishment and alarm on discovering that fully half of all Americans have below average intelligence!)

Inconsistency (e.g. military expenditures based on worst case scenarios but scientific projections on environmental dangers thriftily ignored because they are not "proved").

Non sequitur - "it does not follow" - the logic falls down.

Post hoc, ergo propter hoc - "it happened after so it was caused by" - confusion of cause and effect.

Meaningless question ("what happens when an irresistible force meets an immovable object?).

Excluded middle - considering only the two extremes in a range of possibilities (making the "other side" look worse than it really is).

Short-term v. long-term - a subset of excluded middle ("why pursue fundamental science when we have so huge a budget deficit?").

Slippery slope - a subset of excluded middle - unwarranted extrapolation of the effects (give an inch and they will take a mile).

Confusion of correlation and causation.

Caricaturing (or stereotyping) a position to make it easier to attack.

Suppressed evidence or half-truths.

Weasel words - for example, use of euphemisms for war such as "police action" to get around limitations on Presidential powers. "An important art of politicians is to find new names for institutions which under old names have become odious to the public"

(excerpted from The Planetary Society Australian Volunteer Coordinators Prepared by Michael Paine )

JUMP TO TOP | MIDDLE (12th Century) | BOTTOM (late 20th century)

 

Please Select a view:

1. MILESTONES & EVENTS | ROME: POPES & EMPERORS | CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS | BRITAIN | FRANCE | WORLD
2. MILESTONES & EVENTS | ROME: POPES & EMPERORS | CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS
3. ROME: POPES & EMPERORS
4. CONSTANTINOPLE: PATRIARCHS & EMPERORS
5. BRITAIN | FRANCE | WORLD
6. BRITAIN
7. FRANCE
8. MILESTONES & EVENTS